'Drugs and (Dis)order: A Study of the Opium Trade, Political Settlements and State-making in Afghanistan
This paper is a contribution to research being undertaken by the Crisis States Research Centre on patterns of economic resource mobilisation and rent appropriation under conditions of fragility, and the ways in which these shape political relations and institutions. The authors are primarily concerned with the political economy of post-Bonn Afghanistan with a particular focus on the role of the drugs industry and its impact on processes of state-making.
This report provides indexed statistics that help to measure the level of peacefulness at state and city levels across the U.S.
This report discusses how to progressively reduce Afghanistan’s dependence on opium by development initiatives and shifting economic incentives toward sustainable legal livelihoods. It identifies responses that can counterbalance the economic advantages of opium.
In this joint report from the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit and the European Commission, David Mansfield explains that expanding bans on opium has in fact undermined state formation, increased rural discontent, and presented new opportunities for the insurgency.
This paper analyzes the Colombian conflict in order to give insights into the political dimensions of irregular warfare and the ways in which the conflict can shed light on other global issues.
This working paper offers new research on the links between military assistance and political violence.
This guide gives practical action advice to businesses in the fight against corruption.
In this paper from the Legatum Institute, Jim Robinson argues that the foundations of a successful civil society are lacking in Colombia. Political and economic corruption remains the rule rather than the exception.
In this report from Oxfam America, researcher and local partners have conducted a protection assessment across communities in eastern DRC. Through focus group discussions and interviews with key stakeholders, communities were asked to give their views on the protection situation in their area.
This paper reviews the literature on the development consequences of internal armed conflict and state fragility and analyzes the relationship using data from World Development Indicators, UCDP/PRIO Armed Conict Data, and World Bank state fragility assessments. Our main focus is on a set of development indicators that capture seven of the Millenium Development Goals, but we also look briefly into the effect of conflict and fragility on growth, human rights abuses, and democratization. We analyze these relationships using a variety of methods - averages by conflict and fragility status; cross-sectional regression analyses of change in each indicator over the time frame for which we have data; fixed-effects regression analyses of the impact on each indicator for each five-year period 1965-2009; as well as occasional panel time series models and matching techniques.
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