Conflict Minerals: The Search for a Normative Framework
Written by Louise Arimatsu and Hemi Mistry, Chatham House
Gold, tantalum, tin and tungsten, otherwise known as the 3TG minerals, have in recent years been classified as ‘conflict minerals’. Although experts are divided on what proportion of the total global consumption is sourced from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the belief that the conflicts in the country’s resource-rich eastern provinces have been perpetuated by the income generated from the illicit trade in these minerals has brought together a broad coalition of interests linked by a common objective: to regulate ‘conflict minerals’. The primary aim of this paper is to map existing legal obligations as well as emerging norms that govern conflict minerals.
Read the paper here.